宇航学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 871-878.doi: 10.3873/j.issn.1000-1328.2011.04.025

• 电子信息 • 上一篇    下一篇

一种改进的星载分布式SAR相位保持成像算法

杨威, 李春升, 陈杰, 王鹏波   

  1. 北京航空航天大学电子信息工程学院, 北京100191
  • 收稿日期:2010-04-14 修回日期:2010-08-12 出版日期:2011-04-15 发布日期:2011-04-27
  • 基金资助:
    教育部“新世纪优秀人才”支持计划(NCET-06-0166);领航创新基金资助项目(YWF-10-01-A24)

An Improved Phase Preservation Imaging Formation Algorithm for Spaceborne Distributed SAR Data Processing

YANG Wei, LI Chun-sheng, CHEN Jie, WANG Peng-bo   

  1. School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2010-04-14 Revised:2010-08-12 Online:2011-04-15 Published:2011-04-27

摘要: 针对Chirp Scaling算法在推导中对相位采用近似处理而导致相位保持精度不能满足分布式星载InSAR系统对高程测量精度要求的问题,在对线性调频信号脉压处理中相位变化规律进行分析的基础上,结合星载分布式SAR数据处理对信号相关性的要求,推导了适用于星载分布式SAR数据处理的相位补偿公式,进而提出一种能够实现高精度相位保持的改进Chirp Scaling成像算法。算法精确补偿了包括复常数相位项、移零频所引入的线性相位项、距离向残留三次相位项及距离压缩后非均匀采样所引入的相位误差,并且能够实现分布式InSAR复图像对的粗配准。最后,给出了一种理论相位的计算方法,并通过计算机仿真验证了算法的有效性。

关键词: 干涉测量合成孔径雷达, 保相处理, CS算法, 干涉

Abstract:

The approximate treatments in chirp scaling (CS) algorithm lead to phase errors, and unable to satisfy the requirement for height measurement accuracy of spaceborne distributed interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR). In this article, on the basis of analysis for characteristics of residual phase error during pulse compression processing, a phase compensation function is derived in combination with the coherence requirements for spaceborne distributed InSAR data processing. And then an improved phase preservation chirp scaling algorithm is proposed  to accurately compensate the phase errors, i.e. constant phase term, linear phase error term caused by shifting zero\|frequency, residual cubic phase error term along range\|direction and nonuniform sampling phase error term after range\|compression. Furthermore, the improved algorithm has the capability to primarily implement registration procedure for distributed InSAR. Moreover, a method for calculating the theoretical phase function is presented. Finally, computer simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

 

Key words: Interferometric synthetic aperture radar, Phase preserving, CS algorithm, Interferometry

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