宇航学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 840-848.doi: 10.3873/j.issn.1000-1328.2015.07.014

• 推进技术与动力 • 上一篇    下一篇

利用TDLAS技术评估火箭基组合循环发动机试验性能

杨斌,黄斌,刘佩进,杨荟楠,何国强   

  1. 1. 上海理工大学上海市动力工程多相流动与传热重点试验室,上海 200093;
    2. 西北工业大学燃烧、热结构与内流场重点试验室,西安 710072;
    3. 北京机电工程总体设计部,北京 100854
  • 收稿日期:2014-07-23 修回日期:2014-11-23 出版日期:2015-07-15 发布日期:2015-07-25

Test Performance Evaluation of Rocket Based Combined Cycle Engine Using TDLAS Technique

YANG Bin, HUANG Bin, LIU Pei jin, YANG Hui nan, HE Guo qiang   

  1. 1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow and Heat Transfer in Power Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China; 2. Science and Technology on Combustion, Internal Flow and Thermal Structure Laboratory, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China; 3. Beijing System Design Institute of Electro Mechanic Engineering, Beijing 100854, China
  • Received:2014-07-23 Revised:2014-11-23 Online:2015-07-15 Published:2015-07-25

摘要:

针对宽范围工作的火箭基组合循环(RBCC)发动机推力、比冲和燃烧效率等性能难以通过关键参数的实时测量直接计算的问题,提出利用可调谐二极管激光器吸收光谱(TDLAS)技术实现发动机燃气温度、H2O组分浓度和速度多参数同时实时在线非接触式激光光谱测量方法,搭建用于RBCC地面试验性能分析的时分复用-扫描波长TDLAS系统。通过试验获得的(7444.352+7444.371)/7185.597cm -1 谱线附近吸收光谱,从而得到燃气温度、H2O组分浓度和速度参数,并结合数值模拟方法确定的流场参数纵向分布,实现基于关键参数在线测量的发动机性能直接计算。该方法有助于评判燃烧组织和结构改变对发动机性能的影响。

关键词: 火箭基组合循环, 可调谐二极管激光器吸收光谱技术, 性能估计, 参数测量, 地面试验

Abstract:

For the wide operating range, the performance evaluation of rocket based combined cycle (RBCC) engine, such as thrust, specific impulse and combustion efficiency, is difficult to directly calculate by key parameters in-situ and online measurements. In this paper, a non-intrusive laser spectroscopy method based on tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) is proposed to measure the temperature, species concentration and velocity of burned gas simultaneously. The time - division multiplexing - wavelength scanning TDLAS system is designed to obtain the spectrums near (7444.352+7444.371)/7185.597 cm -1 of exhaust gas in RBCC ground test. And the gas temperature, H2O species concentration, and velocity parameters are determined. With the longitudinal distributions of parameters which obtained by numerical method, the thrust, specific impulse and combustion efficiency of RBCC ground test can be directly caculated by the TDLAS measurements. It can provide a reference for the optimization of combustion organization and engine structure.

Key words: Rocket based combined cycle, Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy, Performance evaluation, Parameter measurement, Ground test

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