宇航学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (11): 1251-1261.doi: 10.3873/j.issn.1000-1328.2019.11.001

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磁悬浮框架飞轮磁轴承技术研究与发展现状

刘强,赵明师,韩邦成,张激扬,孙津济,樊亚洪   

  1. 1. 北京石油化工学院精密电磁装备与先进测量技术研究所,北京 102617;
    2. 北京航空航天大学惯性技术重点实验室,北京 100191;
    3. 北京控制工程研究所空间智能控制技术重点实验室,北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-15 修回日期:2019-07-18 出版日期:2019-11-15 发布日期:2019-11-25
  • 基金资助:
    北京市青年拔尖人才培养资助项目(2017000026833ZK22);“十三五”时期北京市属高校高水平教师队伍建设支持计划(CIT&TCD201804034

Research and Development Status of Magnetic Bearing Technology on Magnetically Suspended Gimballing Flywheel

LIU Qiang, ZHAO Ming shi, HAN Bang cheng, ZHANG Ji yang, SUN Jin ji, FAN Ya hong   

  1. 1. Institute of Precision Electromagnetic Equipment and Advanced Measurement Technology, Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, Beijing 102617, China;
     2. Key Laboratory of Inertial Technology, Beihang University,Beijing 100191, China; 
    3. Science and Technology on Space Intelligent Control Laboratory,Beijing Institute of Control Engineering, Beijing 100190, China
  • Received:2018-10-15 Revised:2019-07-18 Online:2019-11-15 Published:2019-11-25

摘要: 对磁悬浮框架飞轮(MSGFW)和高精度磁轴承研究现状及其未来发展进行了详细阐述。根据转子悬浮力类型,将磁悬浮框架飞轮分为磁阻力构型、洛伦兹力构型和混合力构型,并结合三种构型论述了国内外框架飞轮的发展过程。在此基础上,对球面磁阻力磁轴承和洛伦兹力磁轴承进行了详细介绍,并结合磁路图分析其工作原理,比较了同类磁轴承的优劣。展望了磁悬浮框架飞轮与高精度磁轴承的未来发展方向,指出高动态响应检控共位平动球面磁阻力磁轴承,标准磁悬浮动量球和磁悬浮控制敏感球是磁悬浮框架飞轮的研究重点。

关键词: 磁悬浮框架飞轮(MSGFW), 惯性执行机构, 磁轴承, 磁阻力, 洛伦兹力

Abstract:  The current research and future development of the magnetically suspended gimballing flywheel (MSGFW) and high-precision magnetic bearing are expounded. According to the rotor levitation force, MSGFW can be classified as the magnetic resistance force configuration, Lorentz force configuration and hybrid force configuration. Based on the three types of the flywheel configurations above, the development process of MSGFW is discussed. On the basis, the spherical magnetic resistance magnetic bearing and Lorentz magnetic bearing are introduced in detail. Their operating principles are analyzed through using the magnetic circuit maps. The advantages and disadvantages of the magnetic bearings of the same type are compared. Finally, the developing prospect of MSGFW and high-precision magnetic bearing are expected. It points out that the high dynamic response translation spherical magnetic bearing with collocation between detection and control, the standard magnetically suspended momentum sphere and the magnetically suspended control & sensitive sphere will be the primary research directions of MSGFW.

Key words:  Magnetically suspended gimballing flywheel (MSGFW), Inertial actuator, Magnetic bearing, Magnetic resistance force, Lorentz force

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