宇航学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 125-135.doi: 10.3873/j.issn.1000-1328.2020.02.001

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

空间非合作目标物柔性捕获技术进展

郭吉丰,王班,谭春林,刘永健,孙国鹏   

  1. 1. 浙江大学电气工程学院,杭州 310027;2. 杭州电子科技大学机械工程学院,杭州 310018; 3. 北京空间飞行器设计总体部,北京 100094
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-04 修回日期:2019-12-16 出版日期:2020-02-15 发布日期:2020-02-25
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51805124,51475411);浙江省自然科学基金(LQ17E050011)

Development of Flexible Capture Technology for Space Non Cooperative Target

GUO Ji feng, WANG Ban, TAN Chun lin, LIU Yong jian, SUN Guo peng   

  1. 1. College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027; 2.School of Mechanical Engineering, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018; 3. Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, Beijing 100094, China
  • Received:2019-03-04 Revised:2019-12-16 Online:2020-02-15 Published:2020-02-25

摘要: 分类探讨了近年来出现的多种空间柔性捕获技术的原理及性能特点,给出了一些具有代表性的案例,结果表明:空间绳系捕获技术在理论及试验研究方面都相对成熟,是未来行之有效、可工程实现的柔性捕获方式之一。重点针对空间非合作目标物捕获中容易出现的翻滚问题,对比分析现有的几种常用的接触式消旋方法,分析表明能同时实现捕获+消旋的一步式消旋法更具有应用前景。以空间绳系捕获技术作为空间柔性捕获的代表,对其捕获后的空间绳系组合体动力学模型建立过程中的系绳模型进行了综述,指出了各种系绳模型的优缺点及适用条件。对系绳控制机构进行了分类综述,给出了设计系绳控制机构需重点关注的问题。最后对空间绳系捕获技术的发展方向做了展望。

关键词: 非合作目标物, 柔性捕获, 消旋方法, 系绳模型, 系绳控制机构

Abstract: Principles and performance features of several flexible capture technologies are analyzed and some representative cases are given. The space tethered capture technology is one of the effective and engineering-realizable flexible capture methods because of its relative maturity in theoretical and experimental study. Aiming at the tumbling problems during the capture process of a space non-cooperative target, some common contact-type detumbling methods are compared. It is shown that the one-step despun method has a better application prospect for its simultaneous realization of capture and despun. The tether models and tether control mechanism are summarized. The applicable conditions of the tether models and the design advice of the tether control mechanism are given. Finally, the future prospects of the space tethered capture technology are proposed.

Key words: Space non-cooperative target, Flexible capture, Detumbling methods, Tether model, Tether control mechanism

中图分类号: