宇航学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 158-166.doi: 10.3873/j.issn.1000-1328.2022.02.003

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

空间光学望远镜在轨建造中的结构机构技术

郭崇岭,陈传志,陈金宝,王伟之   

  1. 1. 南京航空航天大学航天学院,南京 211106;2. 北京空间机电研究所,北京 100094
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-15 修回日期:2021-12-01 出版日期:2022-02-15 发布日期:2022-02-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(U2037203)

Structure and Mechanism Technology of In Space Manufacturing Space Optical Telescope

GUO Chong ling, CHEN Chuan zhi, CHEN Jin bao, WANG Wei zhi   

  1. 1. College of Astronautics, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211106, China;2. Beijing Institute of Space Mechanics & Electricity, Beijing 100094, China
  • Received:2021-03-15 Revised:2021-12-01 Online:2022-02-15 Published:2022-02-15

摘要: 围绕空间光学望远镜在轨建造中的结构机构技术进行分析,重点包括结构机构相关的关键技术基本概念和技术特点,分别对大型望远镜空间结构拓扑构型优化及模块技术、光机结构机构的高精度展开调整及锁合技术、典型光机元件的在轨增材制造技术、机器人辅助自主精密装配及控制技术进行了技术内涵及先进技术途径分析。最后展望了在轨建造中结构机构技术的发展趋势及需要研究的一些技术问题,旨在为空间光学望远镜的发展提供参考。

关键词: 空间光学望远镜, 在轨建造, 增材制造, 机器人

Abstract: Centering on the structural mechanism technology in the on orbit construction of space optical telescope, this paper focuses on the basic concepts and technical characteristics of key technologies related to structure and mechanism, including topology optimization and module technology of space structure of large telescope, high precision deployment adjustment and locking technology of optical mechanical structure and mechanism, on orbit additive manufacturing technology of typical optical mechanical components. It also analyzes the technical connotation and advanced technical approaches of robot assisted autonomous precision assembly and control technology. Finally, the development trend of structure and mechanism technology in on orbit construction and some technical problems to be studied are prospected. This paper may provide a reference for evolution of space optical telescope.

Key words: Space optical telescope, On orbit assembly, Additive manufacturing, Robot

中图分类号: