宇航学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (9): 1129-1142.doi: 10.3873/j.issn.1000-1328.2022.09.001

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

地外天体着陆巡视探测自主智能技术进展

吴克,李文博,张哲,黄晓峰,张天柱,王彤   

  1. 1. 北京空间飞行器总体设计部, 北京 100094; 2. 北京控制工程研究所, 北京 100094;3. 空间智能控制技术国家级重点实验室, 北京 100094; 4. 北京理工大学宇航学院,北京 100081;5. 探月与航天工程中心,北京 100190;6. 中国科学技术大学信息科学技术学院,合肥 230027
  • 收稿日期:2022-07-12 修回日期:2022-07-17 出版日期:2022-09-15 发布日期:2022-09-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(62022013,12150007,62103450);广东省基础与应用基础研究基金联合基金-青年基金项目(2020A1515110311);上海航天科技创新基金项目(SAST2020 066)

Development of Autonomous Intelligent Technologies for Extraterrestrial Body Landing and Roving Exploration

WU Ke, LI Wenbo, ZHANG Zhe, HUANG Xiaofeng, ZHANG Tianzhu, WANG Tong   

  1. 1. Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, Beijing 100094, China; 2. Beijing Institute of Control Engineering, Beijing 100094, China; 3. National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Space Intelligent Control, Beijing 100094, China;4. School of Aerospace Engieering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;5. Lunar Exploration and Space Engineering Center, Beijing 100190, China;6. School of Information Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China
  • Received:2022-07-12 Revised:2022-07-17 Online:2022-09-15 Published:2022-09-15

摘要: 以月球、火星和小行星等地外天体着陆巡视探测任务为背景,对自主智能技术的发展现状、应用情况与未来趋势进行了分析研究。回顾了目前国内外地外天体着陆巡视探测任务的实施情况;从导航定位与环境感知、轨迹优化与制导控制、自主探测与路径规划、故障诊断与自主处理等四个方面,阐述了该领域自主智能技术的研究现状,并对未来发展态势进行了展望。

关键词: 地外天体, 月球着陆巡视, 火星着陆巡视, 自主智能技术

Abstract: Taking landing and roving exploration on the extraterrestrial bodies such as the Moon, the Mars and asteroids as the research background, the development status, application and future trend of autonomous intelligence technology are analyzed and studied. The current implementation of such landing and roving exploration missions in China and abroad is reviewed. The research status of autonomous intelligence technology in the above field is described from four aspects, including navigation positioning and environment sensing, trajectory optimization and guidance control, autonomous detection and path planning, and fault diagnosis and autonomous processing. Finally, the future development trend is prospected.

Key words: Extraterrestrial body, Lunar landing and oeving exploration, Mars landing and roving exploration, Autonomous intelligent technology

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