宇航学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (9): 1143-1151.doi: 10.3873/j.issn.1000-1328.2022.09.002

• 飞行器设计与力学 • 上一篇    下一篇

仿尺蠖型火星车设计与验证

张旺军,党兆龙,陶灼,贾阳,陈百超,潘冬   

  1. 北京空间飞行器总体设计部,北京 100094
  • 收稿日期:2022-06-19 修回日期:2022-07-20 出版日期:2022-09-15 发布日期:2022-09-15

Design and Verification of the Inchworm like Mars Rover

ZHANG Wangjun, DANG Zhaolong, TAO Zhuo, JIA Yang, CHEN Baichao, PAN Dong   

  1. Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, Beijing 100094, China
  • Received:2022-06-19 Revised:2022-07-20 Online:2022-09-15 Published:2022-09-15

摘要: 针对传统被动悬架式火星车在火星复杂地形运动中可能存在的问题,设计了仿尺蠖型火星车,包括沉陷脱困设计、爬坡设计、防托底设计和抬轮设计;识别了仿尺蠖型火星车移动系统的关键参数,计算得到不同火星车抬升高度的关键参数值和一个尺蠖运动周期的位移值;计算结果表明仿尺蠖型火星车可以解决被动悬架式火星车的上述问题。对所设计的仿尺蠖型火星车开展了地面试验和飞行试验验证,地面试验验证了车轮沉陷脱困能力、越障能力和爬坡能力;作为仿尺蠖型火星车应用的实例,“祝融号”火星车成功经历了飞行试验,它在火星表面的顺利运行表明仿尺蠖型火星车设计措施有效。

关键词: 火星车, 尺蠖运动, 主动悬架, 地面试验, 飞行试验

Abstract: Aiming at the problems that the traditional passive suspension rover may have in the complex terrain movement of Mars, the inchworm like rover is designed, including subsidence and escape, hill climbing, bottom support and wheel lift design. The key parameters of the moving system of the inchworm like rover were identified, and the key parameter values of different lifting heights of the rover and the displacement value of one inchworm movement period are calculated. The results show that the inchworm like rover can solve the above problems of passive suspension rover. Ground tests and flight tests have been carried out on the designed inchworm like rover, and verified the ability of wheel sinkage and extrication, obstacle crossing and slope climbing. As an example of application of the imitated inchworm rover, the Mars rover Zhurong has successfully undergone flight tests, and its smooth operation on the surface of Mars shows that the design measures of the inchworm like rover are effective.

Key words: Mars rover, Inchworm motion, Active suspension, Ground test, Flight test

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